Security tests are becoming increasingly important for organizations of all sizes, as security breaches continue to grow both in frequency and in the amount of damage they cause. Hackers are always looking for vulnerabilities in a computer system or network that can be easily used.
There are some hackers who hack just from the fact that they enjoy hacking. Some of them identify system vulnerabilities and access points for penetration, and also prevent unwanted access to network and information systems (in return, they are paid for it). There are also hackers who simply want to exploit vulnerabilities, blackmail and expose their victims.
So, which operating systems do you think hackers like to use most? Since most operating systems for hacking are based on the Linux kernel, this means that Linux has always been a favorite operating system for hackers.
This article lists the top 5 open source operating systems for hacking and security testing.
The content of the article
Designed and funded by Offensive Security Ltd., the Kali Linux distribution is one of the best and favorite operating systems for hackers. Kali Linux is a Debian-based Linux distribution designed for advanced security testing and vulnerability audit. It contains several hundred tools designed to solve various information security tasks, such as penetration testing, security research, computer forensics. And yes, this is the same Linux that Elliot used in the series “Mr. Robot. “
Kali Linux is an open source project that can be installed on your PC. However, the general concept is to use the system as a Live CD (USB), run all kinds of tests, tests and research network targets. It is intended for both Windows and Linux-based tools. It also supports wireless setup, MANA Evil Access Point settings, HID keyboard (such as Teensy), and Bad USB MITM.
In addition, Kali Linux constantly updates its repositories, and is available for various platforms, such as VMWare, ARM and many others. Kali pre-installed the best software security tools. Here are: Hydra, Nmap, Wireshark, John the Ripper, and the Metasploit Framework. There are also other tools that make it different from other operating systems.
Parrot Security OS
Parrot Security is a GNU Linux distribution based on Debian and focused on computer security. This is another favorite operating system for hackers. It is designed to test penetration (computer security), vulnerability assessment and mitigation of hacking, computer forensics, anonymous browsing of web pages.
Parrot uses Kali repositories to get the latest updates for almost all hacking tools, but it also has its own dedicated repository, which stores all user packages. That’s why this distribution is not just a simple “fashion” Kali, but a whole new concept that relies on the Kali Linux repository. Thus, it introduces many new functions and various development options. Parrot uses MATE as the working environment. The lightweight and powerful interface is based on the famous GNOME 2 and thanks to the customizable charming FrozenBox icons, special themes and wallpapers, it has a very presentable look.
The project is certified to work on machines with 256 MB of RAM and is suitable for both 32-bit (i386) and 64-bit (amd64). There is a special version that works on old 32-bit machines (486). In addition, the project is available for armel and armhf architectures. It even offers an edition (both 32-bit and 64-bit) designed for cloud-type servers.
BackBox is another operating system that tests for the possibility of hacking and gives an assessment of security. The creators base their project on Ubuntu. There is a set of tools for analyzing network and information systems. The BackBox environment includes the full set of tools needed for test hacking and security testing.
BackBox is an easy OS and requires less hardware specification. The main purpose of BackBox is to provide an alternative, highly customizable and well-functioning system. It uses a desktop environment, based on the lightweight Xfce window manager, which makes it standard and easy to use. It also includes some of the most commonly used security and analysis tools for broad purposes, from web application analysis to network analysis, from stress tests to sniffing. Includes vulnerability assessment, computer forensic analysis.
BackBox has its own software repositories, which are always updated to the latest stable version of the most used and most known hacking tools. Integration and development of new open source tools in the distribution follows the community. In particular, the criteria for the manual for software developers Debian.
DEFT (Digital Evidence and Forensic Toolkit) is an open source Linux distribution based on the DART (Digital Advanced Response Toolkit) software. This is a distribution, intended for computer forensics. It starts live on systems without interference or distortion of devices (hard disks, flash drives, etc.) connected to the PC on which the download process takes place. It is equipped with the best free applications with open source. All this is designed to respond to various kinds of incidents, cyber intelligence, computer forensics, as well as for use by military, law enforcement, private security professionals and IT auditors.
Live Hacking OS
Live Hacking DVD is a Linux distribution filled with tools and utilities for hacking, testing penetration and taking countermeasures. Based on Ubuntu, this “Live DVD” starts directly from the DVD and does not require installation on your hard drive. After downloading, you can use the included tools to test, crack and perform tests to penetrate your own network to protect them from external attackers.
The distribution kit has two forms to work with. The first is a complete Linux desktop, including a graphical user interface (GNOME) and applications such as Firefox. Along with everything, there are tools and utilities for DNS enumeration, intelligence, password cracking and network listening. For more availability, there is a Live Hacking menu, which will help you quickly find and run the necessary programs.
The second option is the Live Hacking Mini CD, in which the work takes place only on the command line. However, this does not detract from the capabilities of the tools and utilities used, since most of the testing programs and hacking tools work on the command line. The / lh inbound directory has symbolic links to various tools. All this does not require high power from the equipment.
For example, it’s enough Pentium 3 or any Pentium 4 processor (or more). The desktop version requires 512 MB of memory with the recommended 1 GB. In addition, the version with the command line requires only 128 MB of memory.
We reviewed five excellent operating systems that can serve both for hacking and for protection. I myself will probably try Kali Linux or Parrot OS. I’ll see what’s behind the tools and applications, and maybe I’ll tell you about some of them in my blog.